•  Vocabulary Words  word

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    ***Unit 1***
     
    A Fine, Fine School
      • fine - very nice
      • principal - the leader of a school
      • proud - pleased with yourself or someone else
      • strolled - walked slowly
      • announced - made known
      • certainly - surely
      • soared - flew upward
      • worried - uneasy or anxious
     

     

     
     
    The Trial of Cardigan Jones
    • trial - a meeting in court to decide if someone has broken the law.
    • jury - the group of peopl who make the decision in a trial.
    • stand - the place where a witness in a trial sits while being questioned.
    • guilty - having done someting wrong.
    • honest - truthful.
    • convinced - made someone believe or agree to something.
    • pointed - used a finger to show where something was.
    • murmur - the sound of poeple speaking very softly. 

     

       
     
     
    Destiny's Gift
      • block - the section of a street between two other streets.
      • speading - stretching something out.
      • raise - to collect.
      • figure - to work out by thinking.
      • contacted - go in touch with someone.
      • customers - people who buy something at a store.
      • afford - to be able to pay.
      • earn - to get something by working.



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    Pop's Bridge
     
    • foggy - filled with thick mist or low clouds.
    • stretch - to spread out. 
    • crew - a group of people doing work.
    • balancing - keeping steady. 
    • tide - the rise and fall of the sea. 
    • cling - to hold tightly to something. 
    • excitement - the feeling of being stirred up. 
    • disappears - passes from sight. .

     

     
     
    Roberto Clemente
     
    • pronounced - said clearly and correctly. 
    • stands - seats at a stadium or ballpark. 
    • fans - great admirers.
    • league - group of teams that compete against one another. 
    • score - to make a point or points in a game. 
    • polish - to make shine; to make something better. 
    • style - a way of doing something. 
    • slammed - hit with sudden force.  .
     
     
     
     
    ***Unit 2***
     
    Bat Loves the Night
    • detail - each part of several items of information.
    • squeak - a short, high-pitched sound.
    • echoes - repeating sounds caused by the rebounding of sound waves from a surface.
    • swoops - to descend quickly wiht a sweeping motion.
    • twitch - to move with a slight jerk.
    • slithers - to move in a slippery way.
    • doze - to sleep lightly.
    • snuggles - to curl up closely. 

     

       
    What Do Illustrators Do?
    • tools - things people use to help thme do a job.
    • sketches - quick drawings without much detail.
    • scribbles - drawings or doodles, drawn in a quick or careless way.
    • research - careful study of a subject or problem.
    • textures - the ways that surfaces look and feel.
    • imagine - to see a picture in your mind.
    • illustrate - to make pictures that show or explain something.
    • tracing - used to copy or trace lines. . 

     

     

     
    The Harvest Birds
      • serious - not playful or silly; not joking.
      • patch - a small piece of land.
      • borrow - to use something that someone else owns and return it later.
      • advice - ideas or suggestions about what someone should do.
      • ashamed - feeling guilty, sorry, or embarrassed.
      • borders - the edges of a place.
      • separate - divide into groups.
      • harvest - the ripe crops that are gathered.
     

     

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    Kamishibai Man
      • familiar - well known from being seen often.
      • blurry - unclear or smeared.
      • vacant - empty or not occupied.
      • jerky - moving in sudden, uneven, or awkward ways.
      • applause - clapping meant to show appreciation or enjoyment.
      • blasted - made a sudden, loud sound.
      • rude - impolite or having bad manners.
      • rickety - shakey or likely to fall apart.
     

     

     

     
    Young Thomas Edison
    • genius - extraordinary intellectual power, especially seen in creative ability. 
    • signal - a sound, motion, or other sign that sends a message.
    • electric - powered by electricity, a form of energy caused by the motion of electrons and protons.
    • laboratory - a place where scientists work and do experiments.
    • gadget - a small, useful machine or device.
    • experiment - a test to find out or prove something.
    • invention - an original device, system, or process.
    • occasional - happening from time to time.  

     

       
     
     
     
     
    ***Unit 3***
     
    Technology Wins the Game
    • power - strength. 
    • fraction - a part of a whole unit.
    • contribute - to help or add to.
    • process - the steps taken to complete a task.
    • compete - to try to do someting better than others.
    • improve - to get better.
    • flexible -  able to bend.
    • atheletes - people who do physical exercise or play sports. 

     

     
     
     
    Tops and Bottoms
    • crops - plants that are grown, especially those grown for food.
    • profit - the  amount of fmoney left after the cost of doing business is subtracted from the amount of money earned.
    • scowled - made an angry facial expression.
    • grunted - made a short, low sound in the back of the throat.
    • hollered - yelled.
    • risky - dangerous.
    • tugged - pulled strongly.
    • plucked - pulled off or out quickly. 
     
     
     
     
     
    Yonder Mountain
    • fondly - in a loving or caring way.
    • mist - a fine spray or light fog.
    • peak - the top of a mountain or hill.
    • rugged - rough and uneven.
    • pausing - stopping briefly.
    • steep - having a sharp slope.
    • examined - looked at closely.
    • pleaded - begged or requested urgently. 
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    Aero and Officer Mike
    • ability - skill.
    • patrol - to walk through an area to watch or guard it.
    • loyal - faithful.
    • partners - two people who work together.
    • shift - the period of time a worker does his or her job.
    • snap - to bite quickly.
    • lying - resting in a flat position.
    • quiver - to shake or tremble.  
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    The Extra-Good Sunday
    • recommended - suggested.
    • ingredients - part of a mixture.
    • cross - angry.
    • degrees - units.
    • festive - merry.
    • tense - edgy or stressed.
    • remarked - said.
    • anxiously - with worry or eagerness.
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    ***Unit 4***
     
    Judy Moody Saves the World!
    • shade - an area where direct sunlight is blocked.
    • dripping - coming down in drops.
    • carton - a paper or cardboard box.
    • hardly - not very much.
    • rubbish - trash.
    • recycle - to treat or process in order to use again.
    • global - worldwide.
    • complicated - hard to understand or deal with; difficult.
    • pollution - the state of being dirty or not pure.
    • project - a speical undertaking. 
     
     
     
     
     
    The Albertosaurus Mystery
    • buried - cover up.
    • location - place where something is.
    • remains - what is left.
    • clues - things that help solve a mystery or problem.
    • skeletons - frameworks of bones inside or outside of bodies.
    • evidence - facts that lead to a conclusion or help people find out what is true.
    • fossils - very old traces or remains of plants or animals.
    • prove - to show by using facts.
    • fierce - very wild and dangerous.
    • uncovering - opening to view. 
     
     
     
     
     
     
    A Tree is Growing
    • passages - narrow paths or channels.
    • spines - sharp, pointy growths.
    • tropical - having to do with the warm areas of the Earth near the equator. 
    • store - to put away for later use. 
    • throughout - all the way through.
    • absorb - take in or soak up. 
    • dissolve - to seem to disappear when mixed with liquid. 
    • clumps - groups or bunches of things, epseically plants and dirt.
    • coverings - the outside of things, usually serving as protection. 
    • pollen - tiny yellow grains made by flowering plants.  
     
     
     
     
     
    Two Bear Cubs
    • ignored - refused to pay attention to someone or something.
    • hesitation - doubt or uncertainty.
    • greedily - in an excessive manner.
    • scolding - using harsh language to correct someone.
    • drowsy - almost asleep.
    • base - the lowest, bottom, or supporting part of something.
    • console - to provide comfort to someone in distress.
    • burden - a load being carried.
    • heroic - brave.
    • glancing - looking at something quickly.
     
     
     
     
    Life on the Ice
    • wilderness - a wild, unlived-in area of land.
    • gliding - sliding, moving, or flying along with ease.
    • region - a certain area or space.
    • colony - a group of people or animals that live together.
    • shelter - a place that covers or protects.
    • unexpected - without warning. 
    • overheated - heated beyond the safe point. 
    • constant - always the same. 
    • climate - usual weather conditions in an area over many years. 
    • layer - one thickness. 
       
       
     
     
     
     
    ***Unit 5***
     
    Sarah, Plain and Tall
    • slick - having smooth, glossy, or slippery surface.
    • rough - having a bumpy, knobby, or uneven surface.
    • fetch - to go after and bring back somebody or something.
    • batted - struck at something.
    • buzzing - making a low, humming sound.
    • rustle - a swishing or soft cracking sound.
    • clattered - made a loud rattling noise.
    • thumped - hit in a way that made a loud dull sound.
    • sniff - breathe in through the nose to see how something smells.
    • prairie - a treeless, grass-covered plain in the Midwest.
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    The Journey: Stories of Migration
    • landscape - scenery.
    • survival - the act of staying alive.
    • dramatic - exciting.
    • solid - firm and hard.
    • thunderous - very loud.
    • chilly - cold.
    • migrate - to move to another place.
    • accidents - unexpected injuries.
    • frightening - scary.
    • plenty - more than enough. 
     
     
     
     
    The Journey of Oliver K. Woodman
    • conversations - talks with someone.
    • currently - as of now.
    • loaded - piled.
    • loveliest - most beautiful, most delightful.
    • inspired - caused someone to act, think, or feel a certain way.
    • managed - succeed.
    • pleasure - enjoyment.
    • sincere - honest, truthful.
    • terror - great fear.
    • reunion - a coming together again. 
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Dog of the Sea Waves
    • guided - lead or steered in the right direction.
    • rippled - flowed or covered with small waves.
    • arrival - the act of coming to a place.
    • twisted - wound together.
    • aboard - onto a ship or other mode of transportation. 
    • bay - sheltered water area.
    • lava - melted rock that flows from a volcano.
    • anchor - big hook that keeps a ship in place.
    • spotted - caught sight of.
    • voyage - a long trip.
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Mountains: Surviving on Mount Everest
    • approached - came near.
    • altitude - height above Earth's surface.
    • tanks - containers.
    • slopes - a slanted surface.
    • section - part or area.
    • increases - becomes more.
    • avalanches - snow or rock slides on a mountain.
    • halt - a temporary stop.
    • succeed - accomplish something attempted.
    • equipment - supplies.
       
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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