• word Vocabulary Words  word
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    ***Unit 1***
     
    A Fine, Fine School
      • fine - very nice
      • principal - the leader of a school
      • proud - pleased with yourself or someone else
      • strolled - walked slowly
      • announced - made known
      • certainly - surely
      • soared - flew upward
      • worried - uneasy or anxious
     

     

     
     
    The Trial of Cardigan Jones
      • trial - a meeting in court to decide if someone has broken the law.
      • jury - the group of people who make the decision in a trial.
      • stand - the place where a witness in a trial sits while being questioned.
      • guilty - having done something wrong.
      • honest - truthful.
      • convinced - made someone believe or agree to something.
      • pointed - used a finger to show where something was.
      • murmur - the sound of people speaking very softly. 

     

       
     
     
    Destiny's Gift
      • block - the section of a street between two other streets.
      • spreading - stretching something out.
      • raise - to collect.
      • figure - to work out by thinking.
      • contacted - get in touch with someone.
      • customers - people who buy something at a store.
      • afford - to be able to pay.
      • earn - to get something by working.



     
     
    Pop's Bridge
     
      • foggy - filled with thick mist or low clouds.
      • stretch - to spread out. 
      • crew - a group of people doing work.
      • balancing - keeping steady. 
      • tide - the rise and fall of the sea. 
      • cling - to hold tightly to something. 
      • excitement - the feeling of being stirred up. 
      • disappears - passes from sight. 

     

     
     
    Roberto Clemente
     
      • pronounced - said clearly and correctly. 
      • stands - seats at a stadium or ballpark. 
      • fans - great admirers.
      • league - group of teams that compete against one another. 
      • score - to make a point or points in a game. 
      • polish - to make shine; to make something better. 
      • style - a way of doing something. 
      • slammed - hit with sudden force.  
     
     
     
     
    ***Unit 2***
     
    Bat Loves the Night
      • detail - each part of several items of information.
      • squeak - a short, high-pitched sound.
      • echoes - repeating sounds caused by the rebounding of sound waves from a surface.
      • swoops - to descend quickly with a sweeping motion.
      • twitch - to move with a slight jerk.
      • slithers - to move in a slippery way.
      • doze - to sleep lightly.
      • snuggles - to curl up closely. 

     

       
    What Do Illustrators Do?
      • tools - things people use to help them do a job.
      • sketches - quick drawings without much detail.
      • scribbles - drawings or doodles, drawn in a quick or careless way.
      • research - careful study of a subject or problem.
      • textures - the ways that surfaces look and feel.
      • imagine - to see a picture in your mind.
      • illustrate - to make pictures that show or explain something.
      • tracing - used to copy or trace lines. 

     

     

     
    The Harvest Birds
      • serious - not playful or silly; not joking.
      • patch - a small piece of land.
      • borrow - to use something that someone else owns and return it later.
      • advice - ideas or suggestions about what someone should do.
      • ashamed - feeling guilty, sorry, or embarrassed.
      • borders - the edges of a place.
      • separate - divide into groups.
      • harvest - the ripe crops that are gathered.
     

     

     
     
    Kamishibai Man
      • familiar - well known from being seen often.
      • blurry - unclear or smeared.
      • vacant - empty or not occupied.
      • jerky - moving in sudden, uneven, or awkward ways.
      • applause - clapping meant to show appreciation or enjoyment.
      • blasted - made a sudden, loud sound.
      • rude - impolite or having bad manners.
      • rickety - shakey or likely to fall apart.
     

     

     

     
    Young Thomas Edison
      • genius - extraordinary intellectual power, especially seen in creative ability. 
      • signal - a sound, motion, or other sign that sends a message.
      • electric - powered by electricity, a form of energy caused by the motion of electrons and protons.
      • laboratory - a place where scientists work and do experiments.
      • gadget - a small, useful machine or device.
      • experiment - a test to find out or prove something.
      • invention - an original device, system, or process.
      • occasional - happening from time to time.  

     

       
     
     
     
     
    ***Unit 3***
     
    Technology Wins the Game
      • power - strength. 
      • fraction - a part of a whole unit.
      • contribute - to help or add to.
      • process - the steps taken to complete a task.
      • compete - to try to do something better than others.
      • improve - to get better.
      • flexible -  able to bend.
      • athletes - people who do physical exercise or play sports. 

     

     
     
     
    Tops and Bottoms
      • crops - plants that are grown, especially those grown for food.
      • profit - the  amount of money left after the cost of doing business is subtracted from the amount of money earned.
      • scowled - made an angry facial expression.
      • grunted - made a short, low sound in the back of the throat.
      • hollered - yelled.
      • risky - dangerous.
      • tugged - pulled strongly.
      • plucked - pulled off or out quickly. 
     
     
     
     
     
    Yonder Mountain
      • fondly - in a loving or caring way.
      • mist - a fine spray or light fog.
      • peak - the top of a mountain or hill.
      • rugged - rough and uneven.
      • pausing - stopping briefly.
      • steep - having a sharp slope.
      • examined - looked at closely.
      • pleaded - begged or requested urgently. 
         
         
         
         
         
    Aero and Officer Mike
      • ability - skill.
      • patrol - to walk through an area to watch or guard it.
      • loyal - faithful.
      • partners - two people who work together.
      • shift - the period of time a worker does his or her job.
      • snap - to bite quickly.
      • lying - resting in a flat position.
      • quiver - to shake or tremble.  
         
         
         
         
         
     
    The Extra-Good Sunday
      • recommended - suggested.
      • ingredients - part of a mixture.
      • cross - angry.
      • degrees - units.
      • festive - merry.
      • tense - edgy or stressed.
      • remarked - said.
      • anxiously - with worry or eagerness.
         
         
         
     
     
     
     
    ***Unit 4***
     
    Judy Moody Saves the World!
      • shade - an area where direct sunlight is blocked.
      • dripping - coming down in drops.
      • carton - a paper or cardboard box.
      • hardly - not very much.
      • rubbish - trash.
      • recycle - to treat or process in order to use again.
      • global - worldwide.
      • complicated - hard to understand or deal with; difficult.
      • pollution - the state of being dirty or not pure.
      • project - a special undertaking. 
     
     
     
     
     
    The Albertosaurus Mystery
      • buried - cover up.
      • location - place where something is.
      • remains - what is left.
      • clues - things that help solve a mystery or problem.
      • skeletons - frameworks of bones inside or outside of bodies.
      • evidence - facts that lead to a conclusion or help people find out what is true.
      • fossils - very old traces or remains of plants or animals.
      • prove - to show by using facts.
      • fierce - very wild and dangerous.
      • uncovering - opening to view. 
     
     
     
     
     
     
    A Tree is Growing
      • passages - narrow paths or channels.
      • spines - sharp, pointy growths.
      • tropical - having to do with the warm areas of the Earth near the equator. 
      • store - to put away for later use. 
      • throughout - all the way through.
      • absorb - take in or soak up. 
      • dissolve - to seem to disappear when mixed with liquid. 
      • clumps - groups or bunches of things, especially plants and dirt.
      • coverings - the outside of things, usually serving as protection. 
      • pollen - tiny yellow grains made by flowering plants.  
     
     
     
     
     
    Two Bear Cubs
      • ignored - refused to pay attention to someone or something.
      • hesitation - doubt or uncertainty.
      • greedily - in an excessive manner.
      • scolding - using harsh language to correct someone.
      • drowsy - almost asleep.
      • base - the lowest, bottom, or supporting part of something.
      • console - to provide comfort to someone in distress.
      • burden - a load being carried.
      • heroic - brave.
      • glancing - looking at something quickly.
     
     
     
     
    Life on the Ice
      • wilderness - a wild, unlived-in area of land.
      • gliding - sliding, moving, or flying along with ease.
      • region - a certain area or space.
      • colony - a group of people or animals that live together.
      • shelter - a place that covers or protects.
      • unexpected - without warning. 
      • overheated - heated beyond the safe point. 
      • constant - always the same. 
      • climate - usual weather conditions in an area over many years. 
      • layer - one thickness. 
         
         
     
     
     
     
    ***Unit 5***
     
    Sarah, Plain and Tall
      • slick - having a smooth, glossy, or slippery surface.
      • rough - having a bumpy, knobby, or uneven surface.
      • fetch - to go after and bring back somebody or something.
      • batted - struck at something.
      • buzzing - making a low, humming sound.
      • rustle - a swishing or soft cracking sound.
      • clattered - made a loud rattling noise.
      • thumped - hit in a way that made a loud dull sound.
      • sniff - breathe in through the nose to see how something smells.
      • prairie - a treeless, grass-covered plain in the Midwest.
         
         
         
     
    The Journey: Stories of Migration
      • landscape - scenery.
      • survival - the act of staying alive.
      • dramatic - exciting.
      • solid - firm and hard.
      • thunderous - very loud.
      • chilly - cold.
      • migrate - to move to another place.
      • accidents - unexpected injuries.
      • frightening - scary.
      • plenty - more than enough. 
     
     
     
     
    The Journey of Oliver K. Woodman
      • conversations - talks with someone.
      • currently - as of now.
      • loaded - piled.
      • loveliest - most beautiful, most delightful.
      • inspired - caused someone to act, think, or feel a certain way.
      • managed - succeed.
      • pleasure - enjoyment.
      • sincere - honest, truthful.
      • terror - great fear.
      • reunion - a coming together again. 
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Dog of the Sea Waves
      • guided - lead or steered in the right direction.
      • rippled - flowed or covered with small waves.
      • arrival - the act of coming to a place.
      • twisted - wound together.
      • aboard - onto a ship or other mode of transportation. 
      • bay - sheltered water area.
      • lava - melted rock that flows from a volcano.
      • anchor - big hook that keeps a ship in place.
      • spotted - caught sight of.
      • voyage - a long trip.
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Mountains: Surviving on Mount Everest
      • approached - came near.
      • altitude - height above Earth's surface.
      • tanks - containers.
      • slopes - a slanted surface.
      • section - part or area.
      • increases - becomes more.
      • avalanches - snow or rock slides on a mountain.
      • halt - a temporary stop.
      • succeed - accomplish something attempted.
      • equipment - supplies.
         
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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